Effect of Testing on Achievement, 1910-2010: Qualitative Studies

Effect of Testing on Achievement, 1910-2010: Qualitative Studies

(c) 2011 Richard P Phelps

Nonpartisan Education Review / Resources

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The Effect of Testing on Achievement: Meta-Analyses and Research Summary, 1910–2010


Source List, Outcomes, and References for Qualitative Studies


 


The text of this study is published in the International Journal of Testing. The study summarizes the research literature on the effect of testing on student achievement, which comprises several hundred studies conducted from the early 20th century to the present day. Only qualitative studies, however, are included here (N = 244).

 

Qualitative studies overwhelmingly find testing's effect on student achievement to be positive: ninety-three percent of the studies analyzed reported positive effects, whereas only seven percent reported mixed effects, negative effects, or no change.


 




Author

Year

Method

Participants

Location

Scale

Findings

Rigor

Consultative Committee on Examinations

1910

research review

students

UK

classroom

Positive

High

Woody, Clifford

1917

case study

schools

UT

classroom

Positive inferred

Low

Gray, William S.

1918

experiment or pre-post comparison

students, teachers

IL

classroom

Positive

Medium

Brooks, Samuel S.

1922

interview

teachers, students

NH

classroom

Positive

Low

White, H. B.

1932

experiment or pre-post comparison

college students

 

classroom

Positive

High

Kulp, D. H., II

1934

experiment or pre-post comparison

college students

 

classroom

Positive

High

Messenger

1934

experiment or pre-post comparison

teachers

IA

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Scott, I.O.

1934

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

CO

classroom

Positive

High

Boucher, Chauncey Samuel

1935

case study

students, instructors

IL

classroom

Positive

Low

Brereton, J. L.

1944

case study

schools

England

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Stuit, D.B. (Ed)

1947

interview, observation, records/ document review

teachers

US

teacher

Positive

High

Wood, Ray G.

1953

survey

Ohio graduates

OH

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Feldhusen, John F.

1964

survey, interview

students

U.S.

classroom

Positive

High

Estes, Gary D., Colvin, Lloyd W., & Goodwin, Coleen

1976

case study

students

AZ

large-scale

Positive

High

Foss, Olive

1977

interview, survey

faculty

UK

classroom

Positive

High

Solberg, W.

1977

case study

students

Netherlands

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Enochs, James C.

1978

case study

students

CA (Modesto)

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Findley, Jim

1978

case study

teachers, administrators

NE

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Fisher, Thomas H.

1978

case study

students

FL

large-scale

Positive

High

Neill, S. B.

1978

case study

principal

AK

large-scale

Positive

Low

Brookover, W.B., & Lezotte, L.W.

1979

survey, interview, records/document review

teachers

MI

large-scale

Positive

High

Down, A. Graham

1979

case study

students

VA, CO

large-scale

Positive

Low

Gorth, William Phillip, & Perkins, Marcy R.

1979

case study

students

IN

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Jones, Randall L.

1979

case study

students

UT

classroom

Positive

Low

Ogden, J.

1979

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

TX (Austin)

large-scale

Positive

High

Rentz, R.R.

1979

case study, survey, interview

college faculty

GA

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Venesky, R.L., & Winfield, L.F.

1979

case study, interview, observation, records/ document review

schools

DE

classroom

Positive

High

Cypress, Edward J.

1980

case study

teachers, students

NY

classroom

Positive

Medium

Fisher, Thomas H.

1980

case study

students

FL

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Ogle, Donna, & Fritts, James

1981

case study

teachers

IL (Skokie)

classroom

Positive

High

Popham, W. James & Rankin, Stuart C.

1981

case study

teachers

MI (Detroit)

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Schlawin, Sheila A.

1981

experiment or pre-post comparison

New York schools

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Brunton, M.L.

1982

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

OR

large-scale

Positive

High

Alexander, Cordelia R.

1983

case study

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Gipps, Caroline, Steadman, Stephen, Blackston, Tessa, and Stierer, Barry

1983

case study

administrators, teachers

England

large-scale

Positive

High

Brooke, Nigel & Oxenham, John

1984

case study

students

Ghana, Mexico

large-scale

Positive

High

Natriello, Dornbusch

1984

observation

students in 38 classrooms

classroom

Positive

High

Stevens, Floraline I.

1984

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

CA (LA)

large-scale

Positive

High

Corcoran, Thomas B.

1985

research review

schools

USA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

McClain, C. J., & Krueger, D. W.

1985

case study

schools

MO

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Resnick & Resnick

1985

observation, interview, research review

teachers

England & Wales

large-scale

Positive

High

Robb, Donald W.

1985

case study

staff

CA

classroom

Positive

Low

Robb, Donald W.

1985

case study

staff

OH

classroom

Positive

Low

Robb, Donald W.

1985

case study

staff

MO

classroom

Positive

Low

Smith, William J.

1985

case study

teachers

NY

classroom

Positive

Medium

Losak, J.

1986

experiment or pre-post comparison

schools

FL

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Koffler, Stephen L.

1987

not specified

schools

NJ

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Hughes, A.

1988

case study

students

Turkey

large-scale

Positive

High

Pennycuick, D.

1988

case study

students

UK

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Pennycuick, D., & Murphy, R.

1988

case study

students

England & Wales

large-scale

Positive

High

Somerset, Anthony

1988

case study

schools

Kenya

large-scale

Positive

Low

Perrin, Micheline

1989

survey

students

Switzerland

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Warwick, Donald P., Reimers, Fernando, & McGinn, Noel

1989

interview, survey

teachers

Pakistan

classroom

Positive

Medium

Anderson, John O., et al.

1990

case study

students, teachers

British Columbia

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Heyneman, Stephen P., & Ranson, Angela

1990

case study

countries

various

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Johnstone, W.

1990

experiment or pre-post comparison

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Lerner, B.

1990

case study

students

NJ

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Ligon, Glynn, et al.

1990

case study

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Singh, Jasbir Sarjit, Marimuthu, T., & Mukherjee, Hena

1990

case study

students

Malaysia

large-scale

Positive

High

Ferrara, Steven, Willhoft, Joseph, Seburn, Carolyn, Slaughter, Frank, & Stevensen, Jose

1991

interview

teachers, administrators

MD

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Grisay, A.

1991

case study

teachers

Belgium

large-scale

Positive

High

Moore, W.P.

1991

experiment or pre-post comparison

teachers

KS

large-scale

Positive

High

Willoughby, T. L., & Bixby, A. R.

1991

case study

schools

United States

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Brown, D. F.

1992

interview

teachers, principals

TN, IL, NY

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Plazak, Tomasz & Mazur, Zygmunt

1992

interview

teachers

Poland

large-scale

Positive

High

Whetton, Chris

1992

case study

teachers, students

England, Wales

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Bullard, P., & Taylor, B. O.

1993

interview

teachers

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Ekstein, Max A., & Noah, Harold J.

1993

case study

students

8 countries

large-scale

Positive

High

Shohamy, Elana

1993

interview

teachers, students

Israel

large-scale

No change

Medium

Shohamy, Elana

1993

interview

teachers, students

Israel

large-scale

Positive

Medium

United States General Accounting Office

1993

interview

administrators, teachers, employers

Canada

large-scale

Positive

High

Wall, Dianne & Alderson, J. Charles

1993

interview, observation

 teachers

Sri Lanka

large-scale

No change

High

Bentz, Susan K.

1994

interview

teachers

IL

teacher

Positive inferred

Medium

Bishop, John

1994

case study

countries

France, Holland, England, Scotland, US

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Matthews, Joan

1994

records/ document review

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Bottoms, Gene, & Mikos, P.

1995

case study

students, teachers, administrators

SREB states

classroom

Positive

Medium

Prais, S.

1995

case study

countries

France, U.K., Germany

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Resnick, Nolan, & Resnick

1995

case study, records/ document review

curricula

France, Netherlands

large-scale

Positive

High

Waters, T., Burger, D., & Burger, S.

1995

case study

students

CO

classroom

Positive

Medium

Aguilera, Raymond V., & Hendricks, Joen M.

1996

case study

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Anthony, Booker T.

1996

case study

teachers

NC

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Boylan, H, et al.

1996

survey, interview, records/document review

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Khattri, Nidhi, Reeve, A.L., Kane, M.B., & Adamson, R.J.

1996

case study

teachers

various states

classroom

Positive

Medium

Poje, Daniel J.

1996

case study

schools

TN

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Robertson, S.N., & Simpson, C.A.

1996

case study

students

VA

large-scale

Positive

High

Shohamy, Elana; Donitsa-Schmidt, Smadar; & Ferman, Irit

1996

interview

students, teachers, inspectors

Israel

large-scale

Positive

High

Shohamy, Elana; Donitsa-Schmidt, Smadar; & Ferman, Irit

1996

interview, survey, records/document review

students, teachers, inspectors

Israel

large-scale

Positive

High

Van Stewart, Arthur

1996

case study

schools

KY

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Watanabe, Yoshinori

1996

interview, observation

yobiko teachers

Japan

classroom

Positive inferred

High

Andrews, S. & Fullilove, J.

1997

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

Hong Kong

large-scale

Positive

High

Beardon, D.

1997

case study

teachers

TX (Dallas)

classroom

Positive

Medium

Cheng, Liying

1997

survey, observation, interview

teachers, students

Hong Kong

large-scale

Positive

High

Designs for Change

1997

interview, records/ document review

teachers, administrators, students

IL

large-scale

Positive

High

Florida Office of Program Policy Analysis

1997

survey, case study, records/ document review

principals

FL

classroom

Positive

High

Fox, J.

1997

interview

administrators

AL

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hurtgen, James R.

1997

case study

schools

NY

large-scale

Positive

Low

Manzo, K.

1997

interview

students

NC

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Miles, W. R., Bishop, Collins, Fink, Gardner, Grant, Hussain, et al.

1997

case study, interview

teachers

NY (Newport Junction)

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Nolet, McLaughlin

1997

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

 

large-scale

Positive

Low

Powell, Arthur G.

1997

research review

schools

US

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Southern Regional Education Board

1997

case study

one high school

NC

large-scale

Positive

Low

Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S., Carton, S., Evans, M., meziane, S., Moriyoshi, N., & Schmidt, I.

1997

interview, records/ document reviews

parents, teachers, students

Japan

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S., Carton, S., Evans, M., meziane, S., Moriyoshi, N., & Schmidt, I.

1997

interview, records/ document reviews

parents, teachers, students

England

large-scale

Positive

High

Stevenson, H. W., Lee, S., Carton, S., Evans, M., meziane, S., Moriyoshi, N., & Schmidt, I.

1997

interview, records/ document reviews

parents, teachers, students

France

large-scale

Positive

High

Williford, A. Michael

1997

case study

schools

OH

large-scale

Positive

Low

Argetsinger, Amy

1998

interview

teachers

MA

large-scale

Positive

Low

Chudowsky, Naomi, & Behuniak, Peter

1998

focus group

teachers

CT

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Grissmer, Flanagan

1998

records/ document review

students

TX, NC

large-scale

Positive

High

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.

1998

case study

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.

1998

records/ document review

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Milwaukee Public Schools

1998

case study

administrators, teachers

WI

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Trelfa, Douglas

1998

case study

teachers, students

Japan

large-scale

Positive

High

Berendt, Peter R. & Koski, Barry

1999

interview

principal, reading specialist

NY

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Clayton, Mark

1999

interview

teachers, principals, students

MA

large-scale

Positive

Low

Fuchs, Lynn; Fuchs, Douglas; Karns, Kathy; Hamlett, Carol L.; & Katzaroff, Michelle

1999

survey

teachers, students

Southeast

classroom

Positive

Low

Leithwood, K., Edge, Karen, & Jantzi, Doris

1999

case study

teachers, administrators

Scotland

large-scale

Positive

Low

Ragland, Mary A., Asera, Rose, Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.

1999

case study

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Schleisman, Jane

1999

interview

principals, counselors, teachers, district level employees

MN

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Schmoker, M., & Marzano, R. J.

1999

research review

schools

range

large-scale

Positive

Low

Schmoker, Mike

1999

records/ document review

teachers, students

CO

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Steigemeier, Lois A.

1999

interview

teachers

WA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Taylor, B., Pearson, P.D., Clark, K.F., & Walpole, S.

1999

experiment or pre-post comparison

teachers

UK

classroom

Positive

High

Zmuda, Allison & Tomaino, Mary

1999

interview

students, teachers

CT

classroom

Positive

Low

Benning, Victoria & Mathews, Jay

2000

interview

school administrators

VA

large-scale

Positive

Low

Blum, Robert E.

2000

interview, records/document review

administrators, teachers

OR

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Bradley, Ann

2000

interview

faculty

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Duggan, Terri, & Holmes, Madelyn

2000

case study

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Earl, Lorna, & Torrance, Nancy

2000

survey

schools

Canada

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Fontana, J.

2000

records/ document review

schools

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Gipps, Caroline

2000

observation, interview, survey

teachers

England

large-scale

No change

Medium

Grant, S. G.

2000

case study

teachers

NY

large-scale

Mixed

Medium

Hogan, K

2000

case study

teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hubler, Eric

2000

records/ document review

administrators

CO

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hurwitz, Nina & Hurwitz, Sol

2000

interview

administrators, teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hurwitz, Nina & Hurwitz, Sol

2000

interview

administrators, teachers

IL

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hurwitz, Nina & Hurwitz, Sol

2000

interview

administrators, teachers

NY

large-scale

Negative

Low

Janey, Clifford B.

2000

case study

schools

NY

large-scale

Positive

Low

Kelleher, J.

2000

case study

students

MA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Mathews, Jay

2000

interview

schools

CT

large-scale

Positive

Low

Parker, E. T.

2000

interview

students

not specified

classroom

Positive

Medium

Reeves, Douglas B.

2000

case study

students

MO

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Skrla, Linda, Scheurich, James Joseph, & Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.

2000

case study

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Skrla, Linda, Scheurich, James Joseph, & Johnson, Joseph F., Jr.

2000

case study

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Strozeski, Michael W.

2000

records/ document review

students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

van Dam, P. R. L.

2000

records/ document review

schools

Netherlands

large-scale

Positive

Low

Yussufu, Ahmed & Angaka, Johnstone A.

2000

case study

teachers

Kenya

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Anderson, Gerald E.

2001

case study

teachers, students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Carnoy, Martin; Loeb, Susanna; & Smith, Tiffany L.

2001

records/ document review

schools

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

ID

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

WV

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Cawelti, Gordon & Protheroe, Nancy

2001

interview, records/ document review, observation

administrators, teachers

CA

large-scale

Positive

High

Clubine, Betsy, Knight, Dorothy L., Schneider, Cynthia L., & Smith, Pamela A.

2001

case study

administrators, teachers, counselors, students, parents

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Garcia, Joseph & Rothman, Robert

2001

case study

schools

range

large-scale

Positive

Low

Hansen, Philip J.

2001

case study

students

IL

large-scale

Positive

High

Klinger, Don

2001

case study

schools

Canada

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

McGrath, J., Ashyby, N., Winters, K, Kickbush, P.

2001

case study

schools

VA

large-scale

Positive

Low

Milanowski, Anthony T. & Heneman, Herbert G., III

2001

interview, survey

teachers

Midwest

teacher

Positive inferred

Low

Monk, D. H., Sipple, J. W., & Killeen, K.

2001

interview

administrators, teachers

NY

large-scale

Mixed

High

Nelson, K.

2001

case study

teachers

MI

classroom

Positive

Medium

Phelps, Richard P.

2001

records/ document review

students

 

large-scale

Positive

High

Reid, K. S.

2001

interview

teachers, students

FL

large-scale

Positive

Low

Roderick, M., & Engel, M.

2001

interview

students

IL

large-scale

Positive

High

Bottoms, Gene

2002

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

SREB states

 

Positive

High

Bradby, Denise, & Dykman, Ann

2002

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

SREB states

classroom

Mixed

High

Council of Chief State School Officers

2002

case study

teachers, principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Council of Chief State School Officers

2002

case study

teachers, principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Council of Chief State School Officers

2002

case study

teachers, principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Council of Chief State School Officers

2002

case study

teachers, principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Council of Chief State School Officers

2002

case study

teachers, principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Fletcher, Michael A.

2002

case study

administrators

NY

large-scale

Positive

Low

Schafer, William D., Hultgren, Francine H., Hawley, Willis D., Abrams, Adnrew L., Seubert, Carole C., & Mazzoni, Susan

2002

case study

schools

MD

large-scale

Positive

High

Singh, Judy, & McMillan, James H.

2002

interview, focus group

teachers, principals

VA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Stephens, Donnya

2002

interview

teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive inferred

Low

Wideman, R.

2002

case study

teachers

Ontario, Canada

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Wideman, Ron

2002

interview

teachers

Canada

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Wright, Wayne E.

2002

interview

teachers

CA

large-scale

No change

Low

Brookhart, Susan M., & Bronowicz, Diane L.

2003

case study, interview

students

 

classroom

Positive

Medium

Brozo, W. G., & Hargis, C.

2003

case study

teachers

TN

classroom

Positive

Medium

Churchill, A.

2003

reearch review

schools

MA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Flores, B. B. & Clark, E. R.

2003

journals

teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

High

Stefanou, Candice, & Parkes, Jay

2003

experiment or pre-post comparison

science students

not specified

classroom

Positive

Low

Stone, Clement A., & Lane, Suzanne

2003

records/ document review

teachers, students

MD

large-scale

Positive

High

Wang, Aubrey H., Coleman, Ashaki, B. Coley, Richard J., & Phelps, Richard P.

2003

records/ document review

unspecified

Singapore, Australia, England, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Holland

teacher

Positive

High

Burrows, C.

2004

interview

teachers

Australia

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Driscoll, D.

2004

experiment or pre-post comparison

schools

MA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Driscoll, D.

2004

experiment or pre-post comparison

teachers

MA

teacher

Positive

Medium

Ferman, I.

2004

survey, interview, records/ document review

students

Israel

large-scale

Positive

High

Foster, David, &Noyce, Pendred

2004

case study

teachers

CA

large-scale

Positive

Medium

O'Day, Jennifer, Bitter, Catherine, Kirst, Mike, Carnoy, Martin, Woody, Elizabeth, Buttles, Melissa, Fuller, Bruce, & Ruenzel, David

2004

interview

teachers, principals, external evaluators, district staff

CA

large-scale

Positive

High

Qi, L.

2004

interview

test constructors, teachers, English inspectors

China

large-scale

No change

High

Snooks, Margaret K.

2004

observation

college students

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

University of Massachusetts, Donahue Institute

2004

interview

teachers, administrators, parents

MA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

MN

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

DE

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

WA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers

ID

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

AK

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, administrators

MA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2005

case study

teachers, principal

MA

large-scale

Positive

High

Holland, D., Gross, B., & Anderson, J.

2005

interview

teachers

range

large-scale

Positive inferred

High

Rossi, Peter & McCulloch, Rob

2005

experiment or pre-post comparison

students

IL

large-scale

Positive

Low

Wise, Lauress L., et al.

2005

interview

administrators, teachers

CA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2006

case study

teachers, administrators

GA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2006

case study

teachers, administrators

DE

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2006

case study

teachers, administrators

PA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2006

case study

teachers, administrators

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2006

case study

teachers, administrators

AL

large-scale

Positive

High

Center for Public Education

2006

case study

administrators

IN

large-scale

Positive

Low

Center for the Future of Arizona, Mottison Institute for Public Policy

2006

case study

students

AZ

classroom

Positive

High

Center for the Future of Arizona, Mottison Institute for Public Policy

2006

case study

students

AZ

classroom

Positive

High

Center for the Future of Arizona, Mottison Institute for Public Policy

2006

case study

students

AZ

classroom

Positive

High

Center for the Future of Arizona, Mottison Institute for Public Policy

2006

case study

students

AZ

classroom

Positive

High

Faulkner, Shawn A., Cook, Christopher M.

2006

survey

middle school personnel

Kentucky

large-scale

Mixed

High

Morrison Institute for Public Policy, Arizona State University, Center for the Future of Arizona

2006

interview, survey

schools

AZ

large-scale

Positive

High

Wikstrom, Christina

2006

research review

schools

Sweden

large-scale

Negative

High

Yeh, Stuart S.

2006

interview

teachers and administrators

MN

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2007

case study

teachers, administrators

CA

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2007

case study

teachers, administrators

NY

large-scale

Positive

High

Achievement Alliance

2007

case study

teachers, principal

KS

large-scale

Positive

High

Ganesh, Annapurna

2007

interview, observation

teachers

AZ

large-scale

Mixed

Low

Hayward, E. Louise

2007

case study

teachers

Scotland

large-scale

No change

High

Hayward, Geoff, & McNicholl, Jane

2007

case study

schools

England

large-scale

Positive

Medium

James, David, & Simmons, Jonathan

2007

case study

students, staff

England

large-scale

Positive

High

Le Floch, Kerstin Carlson, et al.

2007

records/ document review

schools

US

large-scale

Positive

High

Ryan, K.E., Ryan, A.M., Arbuthnot, K., & Samuels, M.

2007

interview

students

Midwest

large-scale

Positive

High

Wall, Dianne & Horak, Tania

2007

interview, observation

10 teachers, 21 students, 8 directors

Central and Eastern Europe

classroom

No change

High

Bisoux, Tricia

2008

interview

faculty

range

classroom

Positive inferred

Low

Lips, Dan, & Ladner, Matthew

2008

case study

schools

FL

large-scale

Positive

Low

Opfer, V. Darleen; Henry, Gary T.; & Mashvurn, Andrew J.

2008

survey

teachers

range

large-scale

Positive

High

Prapphal, K

2008

case study

schools

Thailand

large-scale

Positive inferred

Low

Sasaki, Miyuki

2008

research review

schools

Japan

large-scale

Negative

Medium

Steiny, Julia

2008

records/ document review

middle school math teachers

RI

classroom

Positive inferred

Low

Torres, Mario S., Zellner, Luana, Erlandson, David

2008

survey

principals

TX

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Willey-Rendon, Ruby

2008

case study

teachers

TX

large-scale

Positive

Low

Zimmerman, Barry J. & Dibenedetto, Maria K.

2008

interview

teachers, students

TN

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Heyneman, Stephen P.

1987, 1988

case study

countries

various

large-scale

Positive

Medium

Goldberg, Gail & Roswell, B.S.

1999-2000

case study, survey

teachers

MD

large-scale

Positive

High

Accountability in Action

 

case study

administrators, teachers

large-scale

Positive inferred

Medium

Frederiksen, Norman

 

case study

students

MD

large-scale

Positive

Medium

WestEd

 

case study

schools

CA

large-scale

No change

Medium






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Citation: Phelps, R.P. (2011). The Effect of Testing on Achievement: Meta-Analyses and Research Summary, 1910–2010: Source List, Effect Sizes, and References for Qualitative Studies, Nonpartisan Education Review / Resources. Retrieved [date] from http://www.nonpartisaneducation.org/Review/Resources/QualitativeList.pdf


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